Risk profile statement for Derby and Derbyshire
Last updated 23rd June, 2016
Derbyshire (including Derby is a county of 1015 square miles) is in the centre of England and forms the north-west part of the East Midlands region. The total resident population is 1,028,000, of which 251,000 live in Derby.
The western side of the county is predominantly rural and forms the majority of the Peak District National Park. Predominant industries include quarrying, farming and tourism. The north-east districts of the county along with Amber Valley, Erewash and South Derbyshire are former coalfield areas with a diverse range of industries.
Derby’s industry includes aero-engine manufacture and a long association with the railways. The area is well served by road links, including the M1 motorway, the Midland Mainline railway link to London runs through Chesterfield and Derby, and both East Midlands and Manchester Airports are close to the county’s boundary.
Legislation is in place with the aim of making the country more resilient to any form of disruptive challenge, whatever the cause.
The Civil Contingencies Act 2004 designates a number of organisations as Category 1 responders because their services are vital to the response to any major emergency. On a local basis these include the emergency services, the health trusts, local authorities, the Environment Agency and Public Health England.
All Category 1 responders have a duty to carry out risk assessments and to work together to formulate a joint community risk register (CRR).
The purpose of the community risk register is:
- to ensure that local responders have an accurate understanding of the risks that they may face to provide a sound foundation for planning
- to provide a rational basis for the prioritisation of objectives, work programmes and allocation of resources
- to enable local responders to assess the adequacy of their plans and identify any gaps
- to facilitate joined up planning, based on consistent planning assumptions
- to provide an accessible overview of the emergency planning context for the public and officials
- to inform and reflect on national and regional risk assessments that support emergency planning and capability development at those levels
The risk assessment process being used follows central Government guidance, Emergency Preparedness, issued in support of the legislation. The Government also issue additional guidance and information about every 12 months.
Risk assessment should analyse the likelihood and impacts of a range of potential hazardous events affecting Derbyshire over the next five years.
The hazard categories being assessed are as follows:
- Industrial accidents – takes account of pipelines, chemical production, storage and reprocessing sites, licensed nuclear installations and loss of utility services.
- Transport accidents – takes account of the road and rail networks, proximity of airports and flight paths and transportation of hazardous materials.
- Structural hazards – takes account of land movements, collapse of structures, dam failures and underground workings.
- Natural hazards – takes account of severe weather, flooding either from main rivers, catchments vulnerable to flash flooding or surface water flooding, moorland fires and volcanic ash.
- Human health – looks at communicable diseases such as influenza at various levels and other infectious diseases.
- Animal health – foot and mouth, avian flu, rabies etc.
- Disruptive industrial action – takes account of industrial action affecting emergency services cover, fuel supplies and prison officers.
- Miscellaneous – the potential for incidents that do not fit in any of the above categories – such as impacts caused by war overseas or humanitarian crises, unauthorised public events and plant disease.
Overall, approximately 60 individual risk assessments are carried out. In recognition of the fact that likelihood’s and impacts can vary according to local circumstances, some assessments will be carried out for each local authority area within the county ie each district or borough and the city council area.
The role of the local resilience forum
Each police force area in the UK has an appointed local resilience forum (LRF) to oversee not only the risk assessment process, but compliance with all the duties of the Civil Contingencies Act.
Membership of the LRF is set at chief officer level with all Category 1 responders represented.
A Risk Assessment Working Group, chaired and facilitated by Derbyshire County Council’s Emergency Planning Team is responsible for the ongoing work to maintain current and effective risk assessments, and brings together a range of emergency planning expertise.
Consultation takes place and regular reviews are carried out to ensure we take account of new and changing levels of risk.
The community risk register (CRR)
The CRRs and risk rating matrices are designed to show the results of our risk assessments. However, the detailed analysis of the likelihood and impacts of hazards or threats which generated those results are not shown.
The register currently shows the results for hazards ie events which are accidental or naturally occurring.
Information on terrorist related threats can be viewed in the National Risk Register. This gives the Government’s assessment of malicious attacks on; crowded places, the transport system, critical infrastructure and cyber attack and gives more information on the National Security Strategy and Counter Terrorism Strategy.
Existing emergency planning arrangements
There are already extensive and integrated emergency plans in place within Derbyshire. All Category 1 responder organisations have flexible generic plans in place.
These plans are designed to instigate a response to a range of potential incidents regardless of the cause.
Generic plans are also supplemented by a number of specific plans which provide a detailed response to existing known hazards.
These include plans for hazardous sites such as chemical plants, large gas pipelines, flood contingencies and plans for response to major incidents in Derby city and Chesterfield town centres.
Plans are regularly updated and staff kept aware of their role through training and exercises run to test the resilience of the plans.
If you want to know more
Should you have any questions about the risk assessment process or the continuing work of the Risk Assessment Working Group:
Contact: Joanna Procter
Tel: 01629 536633